The economics of nature-based solutions.

Invest4Nature is an EU-funded project that contributes to the creation of a market for nature-based solutions. A group of 15 partners from 11 European countries prepare the grounds for investments in nature-based solutions by evaluating its benefits and economic performance.

Nature-based solutions

The world is experiencing a severe climate and biodiversity crisis. Nature-based solutions (NBS) can be a powerful tool to tackle this challenge by reducing the risks of climate change driven events such as flooding or heat waves. The benefits of nature based solutions are not limited to climate protection, but can also increase well-being for citizens and create opportunities for employment, offering multiple benefits environmental, social, and economic value creation.

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Widening the tent: getting business and enterprise involved in urban greening

Blogs | May 2, 2024

Highlights from the TNOC Festival Panel More than 80% of nature-based solutions (NbS) are funded by the public sector and historically th […]

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UN Ocean Decade Side Event organized by NIVA

Blogs | April 24, 2024

In collaboration with partners from NetworkNature, GoNaturePositive and C-FAARER, and as part of the Invest4Nature project, NIVA organize […]

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Blog: Bridging benefits and economics with Invest4Nature

Blogs | February 27, 2024

On July 1st, 2022, JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH – LIFE, the Institute for Climate, Energy and Society (JR) and 14 Partner […]

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How does exploitation work? Overcome the Valley of Death with innovation management activities.

Blogs | January 29, 2024

European Commission funds innovative ideas, research, and solutions with the aim of boosting the EU’s competitiveness and growth. Besides […]

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Open survey: Nature-based enterprises

News | January 17, 2024

Are you an enterprise working with and for nature on nature-based solutions? Then we invite you to take part in Invest4Nature’s open surv […]

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Invest4Nature Newsletter #2 is out!

News | Newsletters | December 20, 2023

We’ve published our second issue of the Invest4Nature Newsletter! Read more to catch up on the latest progress of our partners in enablin […]

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Economic valuation of the benefits

Despite the multiple benefits of nature-based solutions, they are not systematically understood. There is currently no standard method to calculate the economic and financial benefits that can be used to back their investment case. The financial valuation in the various areas of environment, society, or economy is an important indicator for financial stakeholders such as investors and insurances in building support for nature-based solutions.

Invest4Nature will:


  • Create an evaluation framework of nature-based solutions to allow sound cost-benefit analyses and the development of business models

  • Provide evidence on the benefits in coastal, urban, rural and mountainous scenarios by evaluating 5 NBS Living Labs in Norway, Denmark, Poland, Austria and Portugal, each with already existing NBS cases

  • Develop a Decision Support (DS) toolbox to facilitate comparison of grey/green solutions in meeting the needs of investors and selection of NBS investments with the highest social impacts.

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Living Labs